UCODE DNA Deployed in Moscow-City Parking System to Prevent Hacking

In the Moscow International Business Center (MIBC, commonly known as Moscow City), one of the world’s largest business district projects, government and private sector employees are using secure parking here. The operator of the parking lot deployed an UHF RFID system in 2019 to provide authorized vehicles with long-range secure access that is more effective than short-range technology. UHF system’s built-in security function can prevent data from being hacked. The solution, provided by technology company ISBC, uses FEIG Electronic’s LRU 1002 RFID reader and a built-in NXP UCODE DNA chip, which uses an untraceable command. Car park operators have requested anonymity.

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MIBC was a commercial development project first proposed in 1992 and is still under development. Originally, it was a riverside industrial area and a quarry surrounded by closed factories and abandoned buildings. Today, after the revival, 250,000 to 300,000 people work and live in the area, which is home to skyscrapers used as offices, homes, shops, and entertainment. Construction of One Tower, the tallest skyscraper, will begin in 2019; once completed, the building will reach 403.5 meters (1324 feet), making it one of the tallest buildings in Europe.

Recently, Roman Podprugin, the head of the RFID sales department at ISBC Group, stated that parking lot operators hope to find a way to improve the efficiency and tightest security of their automated access systems. This site has previously used the MIFARE system at its entrance, requiring drivers to scan their cards when entering. This means that drivers have to open their windows, insert the card into the machine, or hold the card close to the reader and wait for the corresponding approval and the guardrail to open.

Another test technique they tried was the camera image of the license plate, but if the license plate was blocked by snow or mud, the camera could not obtain a clear image. As a result, the company began working with ISBC to create a secure but more efficient solution using remote technology. Podprugin believes that one of the requirements of this system is “UHF equipment must support secure data transmission technology”, and the tag used by the FEIG reader is embedded with a UCODE DNA chip with AES 128-bit encryption, which is possible. .

The advantage of UHF transmission is that its long-range reading function allows the fixed reader to authenticate the driver before the vehicle is completely stopped; however, remote access permission may also make the existence of nearby reader devices hacked. Risk of attack. FEIG Global Product Manager Mike Hrabina explained that using the UCODE DNA chip in untraceable mode can ensure that the chip in the card will not respond to unauthorized readers, thereby fundamentally protecting the reader from hackers. attack.

Each tag comes with a UCODE DNA Gen2V2 chip, a unique ID number and an encryption key, and requires a reader with a matching key. Hrabina said, “If a hacker intends to launch an attack, the first thing they need to do is find the tag; but in this way, the tag will not respond unless an authorized reader pairs the tag with a matching encryption key. Ask. “The reader sends an encrypted challenge, which the tag must decrypt and send back to the reader. If the tag cannot complete the decryption, it will remain silent, providing a higher level of security because keys cannot be reused.

Hrabina said not long ago, system integrators had to choose between long-distance reads and data encryption protection. Therefore, “every time security becomes the main purpose of the system, integrators can only use short-range readers.” This situation has changed with the UHF technology’s Gen2V2 protocol, which supports untraceable commands. To take advantage of this feature, FEIG has an encryption key built into each reader and stores the key in a protected area of ​​the device’s secure element (SE).

Hrabina noted that ISBC already has experience with similar highly secure applications because it provides a reader for payment terminals. Protect the encryption key in the SE from any tampering; if the reader detects a tampering operation, it will automatically destroy the key. Hrabina explained that FEIG’s keying into the reader is also a secure process, and many people audit the process to ensure that it performs correctly. When placed in untraceable mode, the UCODE DNA chip will only respond to encrypted data to the appropriate reader.

Podprugin points out that not everyone who uses parking lots is using the new UHF system. Drivers using UHF must first obtain a label that can be affixed to the windshield of their vehicle. To date, parking lots have provided about 2,000 tags for this purpose. Some doors are equipped with a FEIG reader. Although Podprugin declined to disclose the number of readers deployed on the site, he mentioned that there were more than 20 readers and guardrails in total.

A unique ID encoded on each tag can be linked in the software to a specific individual who has access to the parking lot. When the driver approaches the gate, the stationary reader captures the information from that tag. “Tag data is transferred to the software,” Podprugin said, and the software can determine whether an individual is authorized or prohibited from entering. If the driver is authorized, the software will prompt the entrance to open the guardrail.

ISBC’s solution can capture and read tag information, and then forward the information to the operator’s software. The operator’s software can then complete other functions, such as maintaining vehicle entrance and exit traffic statistics related to entry and exit times and locations. In addition, Podprugin said that parking companies can adjust the reading range of the tags by changing the power setting of the RFID module in the FEIG reader.

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